RT 1.2 From Global Agreement to Implementation – National Action Plans for migration-related Sustainable Development Goals
This roundtable takes a closer look at the ongoing efforts and best practices regarding the implementation and monitoring of migration-related SDGs at national, regional and international level. It shall further reach a common understanding of the inclusion of migration-related SDGs in the development of the Global Compact on Migration (2018).
With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, migration has been, for the first time, included in the global development framework. Overall, seven SDGs can be considered as particularly migration-relevant.
- Target 10.7 is specifically dedicated to migration and calls for the facilitation of “orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies”
- Target 10c calls for a reduction of remittances costs
- Target 3.c on health personnel calls for a better retention of work force in developing countries, thus reducing brain drain
- Target 4.b calls for an expansion of the number of scholarships available for young people from developing countries
- Target 8.8 protects labour rights and promotes safe and secure working environments of all workers, including migrant workers, particularly women, and those in precarious employment
- Target 16.9 calls for legal identity, in particular birth registration, for all
- Finally, target 17.18 calls for better data disaggregated by migratory status
Additionally, targets 5.2, 8.7 and 16.2 address various aspects of human trafficking, in particular trafficking of women and children. The review will take place at global, regional and national levels as well as thematically with regard to ecological, social and economic drivers for migration. The High Level Political Forum (HLPF) will play a central role in overseeing the follow-up and review process at the global level through annual meetings under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and quadrennial under the auspices of the General Assembly. Thematic reviews will be delivered under ECOSOC. The measurement of indicators will be led by the UN Statistical Commission which also implies the identification of indicators, methodologies and responsible agencies.
The implementation of the migration-related SDGs allows for a renewed national understanding of migration as a positive factor of development and facilitates the process of developing coherent migration policies at national and regional level.
- Given the already ongoing SDG implementation processes, what are best practices of GFMD member states? Which good practices of efficient and effective inter-ministerial coordination mechanisms regarding the implementation of the SDGs can be shared?
- Which specific actions have they taken at the national level to adopt targets 10.7, 10.c, 3.c, 4.b, 8.8, 16.9 and 17.18 and which of these addressed in the framework of migration partnerships (North-South / South-South) could be replicated? Which overall actions have been taken to mainstream migration policies and to protect especially vulnerable migrant groups?
- Which recommendations can be made to the HLPF on the implementation of migration-related SDGs?
- How can the implementation of policies facilitating “orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration”, including planned and well-managed migration, be monitored and measured?