RT 1.1 Tools and Safeguards for Policy Coherence – Finding the right policy mix to balance different interests and objectives
The goal of this roundtable is to address possibilities to combine different tools in a multiple actor approach in order to shape adequate legal migration framework conditions on national and international levels.
There is growing consensus that a lack of coherence can have major negative repercussions and unintended consequences on migration flows and patterns, and for the development potential of migration. Thus, questions abound about how to appropriately bring together relevant policy fields and form a holistic approach both on the national and international level. Each of the national, supranational, and international actors involved have different tools at their disposal for shaping migration governance, e.g. mobility partnerships and future migration partnerships of the EU. Still, it remains unclear how the system of institutions, legal frameworks, mechanisms and practices aimed at regulating migration and protecting migrants on various governance levels could be aligned in a coherent manner.
On the international level, the biggest challenges to create adequate legal framework conditions are current deficiencies of compliance with relevant conventions and agreements, i.e. vertical coherence. On the national level, government approaches play an important role in preventing coherent policy responses. This can lead to domestic and social insecurities, negative perceptions of migration, losses in economic and social potential and dangerous migration routes. A multiple actor approach is indispensable to bring together the different levels of policy domains relevant for migration and development within a government. This approach is based on a common understanding of the challenges, as well as short, medium and long-term visions and policy solutions, and should include formal and informal mechanisms of coordination, i.e. horizontal coherence.
The aim is not only to strengthen the conceptual basis of what often is referred to as policy coherence, but also to take stock of and evaluate existing policy tools, instruments and institutional arrangements in and between various countries.
- What are the interests of the various actors and how can they be balanced?
- What positive examples and experiences of coherent migration governance on a regional, national and international level as well as existing migration instruments have proven to be models for best practice? Could these be adopted on different policy levels or in different world regions?
- Which elements are conceivable for an ideal management of migrant and refugee flows and how significant are international standards in these considerations? How could the cooperation between sending and receiving states be shaped to contribute to a coherent migration strategy in foreign policies?
- What research or policy proposals are underway to develop new migration instruments?