RT 2.1 Moving beyond emergencies – Creating development solutions to the mutual benefit of host communities & displaced persons
The outcome of this session’s roundtable shall be the exchange of best practices regarding the displaced persons’ entrepreneurship, self-organization and self-reliance as well as their potential and initiative to make positive contributions to the host society and how said societies can adapt their integration and inclusion policies accordingly.
Instances of large-scale forced displacement typically constitute emergencies that fall within the remit of humanitarian actors. At the same time, forced displacement is turning into an increasingly long-term phenomenon, with protracted refugee and internal displacement situations accounting for an ever larger share of the overall number of displaced persons. This leads to significant challenges both for the individuals affected, and for host communities who may experience negative developmental impacts.
Linking in with the conclusions of the World Humanitarian Summit, this roundtable is dedicated to exploring ways of addressing these challenges through developmental strategies. First, there is the question whether certain types of forced displacement can be prevented through development interventions. Once displacement has taken place, avoiding the long-term “warehousing” of individuals in large camps with little opportunities for work or self-reliance it is of paramount importance. Creating development solutions to situations of forced displacement requires a step beyond the three ideal-type durable solutions (local integration, resettlement or return) pursued by UNHCR as well as the Platform on Disaster Displacement and opens up questions with regard to the access to host countries’ labour markets, legal migration channels and the conditions necessary for self-reliance.
Addressing the specific needs and vulnerabilities of displaced person has to go hand in hand with support for host communities. Ideally, development cooperation works to the mutual benefit of the displaced and host communities, e.g. by scaling up health and education services or by improving communal infrastructure. The roundtable will discuss best practices in each of these fields, with a particular focus on international partnerships, e.g. in the form of regional peer-to-peer learning schemes at the municipal level.
- How can developmental actors contribute to crisis prevention, and how can they build resilience, adaptation strategies or alternatives to forced displacement in the case of slow-onset disasters like desertification or environmental degradation?
- How can host societies be supported in order to provide basic public services such as health, education and infrastructure? What are the conditions necessary for displaced persons’ de facto integration and inclusion in the labour market?
- How can development actors foster displaced persons’ entrepreneurship, self-organization and self-reliance as well as their potential and initiative to make positive contributions to the host society?