Roundtable 1

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RT 1 - Migration and Development through National Strategies: Enhancing the Effectiveness of Domestic Policies

RT 1.1 Tools and Safeguards for Policy Coherence – Finding the right policy mix to balance different interests and objectives

The goal of this roundtable is to address possibilities to combine different tools in a multiple actor approach in order to shape adequate legal migration framework conditions on national and international levels.

There is growing consensus that a lack of coherence can have major negative repercussions and unintended consequences on migration flows and patterns, and for the development potential of migration. Thus, questions abound about how to appropriately bring together relevant policy fields and form a holistic approach both on the national and international level. Each of the national, supranational, and international actors involved have different tools at their disposal for shaping migration governance, e.g. mobility partnerships and future migration partnerships of the EU. Still, it remains unclear how the system of institutions, legal frameworks, mechanisms and practices aimed at regulating migration and protecting migrants on various governance levels could be aligned in a coherent manner.

On the international level, the biggest challenges to create adequate legal framework conditions are current deficiencies of compliance with relevant conventions and agreements, i.e. vertical coherence. On the national level, government approaches play an important role in preventing coherent policy responses. This can lead to domestic and social insecurities, negative perceptions of migration, losses in economic and social potential and dangerous migration routes. A multiple actor approach is indispensable to bring together the different levels of policy domains relevant for migration and development within a government. This approach is based on a common understanding of the challenges, as well as short, medium and long-term visions and policy solutions, and should include formal and informal mechanisms of coordination, i.e. horizontal coherence.

The aim is not only to strengthen the conceptual basis of what often is referred to as policy coherence, but also to take stock of and evaluate existing policy tools, instruments and institutional arrangements in and between various countries.

  • What are the interests of the various actors and how can they be balanced?
  • What positive examples and experiences of coherent migration governance on a regional, national and international level as well as existing migration instruments have proven to be models for best practice? Could these be adopted on different policy levels or in different world regions?
  • Which elements are conceivable for an ideal management of migrant and refugee flows and how significant are international standards in these considerations? How could the cooperation between sending and receiving states be shaped to contribute to a coherent migration strategy in foreign policies?
  • What research or policy proposals are underway to develop new migration instruments?

We invite you to submit comments / suggestions below

Please note that the Chair reserves the right to consider and decide which comments are relevant. The GFMD prefers that all comments are correctly identified.

21 Nov 2016 2 by Mr. Agency Safaroff
Thursday, 18 January 2018
RT 1 - Migration and Development through National Strategies: Enhancing the Effectiveness of Domestic Policies

RT 1.2 From Global Agreement to Implementation – National Action Plans for migration-related Sustainable Development Goals

This roundtable takes a closer look at the ongoing efforts and best practices regarding the implementation and monitoring of migration-related SDGs at national, regional and international level. It shall further reach a common understanding of the inclusion of migration-related SDGs in the development of the Global Compact on Migration (2018).

With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, migration has been, for the first time, included in the global development framework. Overall, seven SDGs can be considered as particularly migration-relevant.

  • Target 10.7 is specifically dedicated to migration and calls for the facilitation of “orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies”
  • Target 10c calls for a reduction of remittances costs
  • Target 3.c on health personnel calls for a better retention of work force in developing countries, thus reducing brain drain
  • Target 4.b calls for an expansion of the number of scholarships available for young people from developing countries
  • Target 8.8 protects labour rights and promotes safe and secure working environments of all workers, including migrant workers, particularly women, and those in precarious employment
  • Target 16.9 calls for legal identity, in particular birth registration, for all
  • Finally, target 17.18 calls for better data disaggregated by migratory status

Additionally, targets 5.2, 8.7 and 16.2 address various aspects of human trafficking, in particular trafficking of women and children. The review will take place at global, regional and national levels as well as thematically with regard to ecological, social and economic drivers for migration. The High Level Political Forum (HLPF) will play a central role in overseeing the follow-up and review process at the global level through annual meetings under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and quadrennial under the auspices of the General Assembly. Thematic reviews will be delivered under ECOSOC. The measurement of indicators will be led by the UN Statistical Commission which also implies the identification of indicators, methodologies and responsible agencies.

The implementation of the migration-related SDGs allows for a renewed national understanding of migration as a positive factor of development and facilitates the process of developing coherent migration policies at national and regional level.

  • Given the already ongoing SDG implementation processes, what are best practices of GFMD member states? Which good practices of efficient and effective inter-ministerial coordination mechanisms regarding the implementation of the SDGs can be shared?
  • Which specific actions have they taken at the national level to adopt targets 10.7, 10.c, 3.c, 4.b, 8.8, 16.9 and 17.18 and which of these addressed in the framework of migration partnerships (North-South / South-South) could be replicated? Which overall actions have been taken to mainstream migration policies and to protect especially vulnerable migrant groups?
  • Which recommendations can be made to the HLPF on the implementation of migration-related SDGs?
  • How can the implementation of policies facilitating “orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration”, including planned and well-managed migration, be monitored and measured?

We invite you to submit comments / suggestions below

Please note that the Chair reserves the right to consider and decide which comments are relevant. The GFMD prefers that all comments are correctly identified.

22 Nov 2016 1 by Mr. Ace Paolo D...
Wednesday, 17 January 2018
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