Roundtable 2

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RT 2 - Migration & Development through Multilateral and Bilateral Partnerships: Creating Perspectives for Inclusive Development

RT 2.1 Moving beyond emergencies – Creating development solutions to the mutual benefit of host communities & displaced persons

The outcome of this session’s roundtable shall be the exchange of best practices regarding the displaced persons’ entrepreneurship, self-organization and self-reliance as well as their potential and initiative to make positive contributions to the host society and how said societies can adapt their integration and inclusion policies accordingly.

Instances of large-scale forced displacement typically constitute emergencies that fall within the remit of humanitarian actors. At the same time, forced displacement is turning into an increasingly long-term phenomenon, with protracted refugee and internal displacement situations accounting for an ever larger share of the overall number of displaced persons. This leads to significant challenges both for the individuals affected, and for host communities who may experience negative developmental impacts.

Linking in with the conclusions of the World Humanitarian Summit, this roundtable is dedicated to exploring ways of addressing these challenges through developmental strategies. First, there is the question whether certain types of forced displacement can be prevented through development interventions. Once displacement has taken place, avoiding the long-term “warehousing” of individuals in large camps with little opportunities for work or self-reliance it is of paramount importance. Creating development solutions to situations of forced displacement requires a step beyond the three ideal-type durable solutions (local integration, resettlement or return) pursued by UNHCR as well as the Platform on Disaster Displacement and opens up questions with regard to the access to host countries’ labour markets, legal migration channels and the conditions necessary for self-reliance.

Addressing the specific needs and vulnerabilities of displaced person has to go hand in hand with support for host communities. Ideally, development cooperation works to the mutual benefit of the displaced and host communities, e.g. by scaling up health and education services or by improving communal infrastructure. The roundtable will discuss best practices in each of these fields, with a particular focus on international partnerships, e.g. in the form of regional peer-to-peer learning schemes at the municipal level.

  • How can developmental actors contribute to crisis prevention, and how can they build resilience, adaptation strategies or alternatives to forced displacement in the case of slow-onset disasters like desertification or environmental degradation?
  • How can host societies be supported in order to provide basic public services such as health, education and infrastructure? What are the conditions necessary for displaced persons’ de facto integration and inclusion in the labour market?
  • How can development actors foster displaced persons’ entrepreneurship, self-organization and self-reliance as well as their potential and initiative to make positive contributions to the host society?

We invite you to submit comments / suggestions below

Please note that the Chair reserves the right to consider and decide which comments are relevant. The GFMD prefers that all comments are correctly identified.

22 Nov 2016 0 by Mr. Neville Dubash
Thursday, 9 November 2017
RT 2 - Migration & Development through Multilateral and Bilateral Partnerships: Creating Perspectives for Inclusive Development

RT 2.2 Fostering the development impact of return migrants

The objective of this roundtable is to have a clearer understanding of the multifaceted role of return migration within the migration cycle and a coherent use of policy tools for its potential development impact on the countries of origin and destination as well as for the migrants. 

As the number of international migrants has increased globally, so has the number of potential return migrants. While return can simply be defined as the situation where a migrant goes back to his home country after having lived in another country for some time, return migration brushes over more complex situations: voluntary or forced return, secondary or repeated migration, temporary or permanent return, etc.

Return migration can imply many challenges such as conflicts with (re-)receiving societies as well as the lack of employment and education opportunities for returning migrants. Individual factors for successful reintegration are inherent in their personal situation, e.g. voluntariness of their return, personal networks, levels of education and motivation, chances of successful labour market integration.

Returning migrants and diaspora communities have the potential of being agents for development in the receiving state as well as their countries of origin. As many migrants are skilled and ambitious, receiving societies have a vital interest in supporting them as intermediaries between societies. To foster their development impact, it is crucial to create a perspective for building a future and using the skills acquired, since the real challenges start after return. Structural factors in the countries of residence and return support successful (re-)integration, e.g. coherent immigration / emigration policies, readmission agreements, access to labour market and education, openness of society to accept migrants, support to and by migrant organisations.

  • Which challenges do different groups of return migrants face? How can migration policy address return migrants pre-departure as well as post-departure with regard to their specific situation?
  • To what extent do existing return programmes impact development positively? How can countries of origin and destination set up joint and efficient reintegration policies fostering the development potential of migrants?
  • What are innovative examples of a framework of genuine partnership between host and origin countries? How can international partnerships such as the mobility partnership or the EU migration partnerships enhance the development contribution of return migrants?
  • How can employers and the private sector contribute to the process of reintegration?
  • How can development cooperation support reintegration, without favouring returning migrants over receiving communities?

We invite you to submit comments / suggestions below

Please note that the Chair reserves the right to consider and decide which comments are relevant. The GFMD prefers that all comments are correctly identified.

22 Nov 2016 0 by Mr. Neville Dubash
Thursday, 9 November 2017
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