The UN Migration Network and the GFMD
The United Nations Network on Migration
The UN Secretary-General’s report “Making migration work for all”, released in December 2017, suggested the strengthening of the UN system’s cooperation on migration so that it might support Member States in implementing the Global Compact for Safe, Regular and Orderly Migration (GCM), acting as an organizer and a source of policy guidance and ideas. Following the adoption of the GCM in December 2018, the United Nations Network on Migration was established, succeeding the inter-agency Global Migration Group (GMG).
The Network brings together 38 UN entities (as of December 2018) to ensure effective, timely and coordinated system-wide support to Member States. It is designed not to duplicate other initiatives, but rather to help support and coordinate Member States’ implementation of the GCM at the country and regional levels. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) plays a central role in the Network, being designated as the Coordinator and Secretariat for all its constituent parts.
Prior to the establishment of the network, a majority of the member agencies of the Network supported GFMD activities or served as GFMD Observers (ILO, OCHCR, UNHCR, UNDP, UNICEF, IFAD, etc.) Over the years, these UN agencies have provided valuable technical inputs to the GFMD process, including in drafting the Roundtable background papers, providing speakers, submitting relevant entries to the Platform for Partnerships database, and co-organizing GFMD activities and/or side events.
Building on GFMD’s close working relationship with UN entities dealing with migration and development, particularly IOM, the GFMD is poised to coordinate closely with the UN Network on Migration (and its member UN entities) to promote thematic synergy and coherent work planning. While in the past, the primary connection between the GFMD and the UN was through the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative for International Migration (SRSG), it will now be through the UN Network.
The UN Migration Network Capacity Building Mechanism
The GCM (OP 43) calls for the creation of a capacity building mechanism (CBM) to contribute, on a voluntary basis, technical, financial and human resources in order to strengthen capacities and foster multi-partner cooperation in pursuit of GCM implementation. Managing this mechanism will be part of the Network’s tasks.
The CBM will consist of:
- A connection hub that facilitates demand-driven, tailor-made and integrated solutions,
- A global knowledge platform as an online open data source, and
- A start-up fund for initial financing to realize project-oriented solution.
The GFMD, as a repository for knowledge and good practices from around the world on the subject of migration and development, will thus be an important contributor to this Capacity Building Mechanism. Particularly, the GFMD Platform for Partnerships (PfP), as mentioned in the GCM (OP 43c), can serve as an open data source of initiatives on migration and development that could inform the development of a UN capacity building mechanism.
An additional building block for the CGM which could be provided by the GFMD is the proposed GFMD Marketplace. In 2019, the GFMD Ecuador Chairmanship put forward a draft concept to create a GFMD ‘Marketplace’, which, building on the Platform for Partnerships, would provide a matchmaking mechanism for States facing specific policy and practice issues and those providing targeted solutions (other governments, international organizations, foundations, civil society or private sector). This Marketplace could provide a key mechanism for cooperation and capacity building, feeding into the CBM, which facilitates implementation of the GCM.